The City of Rijeka
URL address: http://www.rijeka.hr/Default.aspx
Area 44 km²
Population 150,000 inhabitants
In the last 15 years the economy of the City of Rijeka has been totally changed. Once a typical heavy industry city, Rijeka has progressively become an urban region with a developed transportation identity in which the SME's make most of their income through trade, processing industry and transportation.
Small and medium entrepreneurs are by far prevailing: they make out 50% of total income and employ 55% of all employees. Rijeka is a city of intense development of the services sector but, nevertheless, Rijeka intends also to preserve its traditional economical activities such as the port, the shipbuilding and ship repairing and oil processing industry. A particular spell is put on municipal infrastructure, sustainable development and ecology.
The City of Rijeka is proud of its special role as a leader and promoter of new projects and new ways of financing: the Rijeka University Foundation has been established, the Regional Development Agency is preparing projects for the use of EU pre-accession funds; the Guarantee Agency is in the process of establishment. Projects for public private partnerships are also being developed. Financial and institutional support to entrepreneurs is constantly provided. The City of Rijeka is operating proactively in order to skip over financial restrictions and to realize projects which are important for further development of the City.
The main feature in the development plans of the City of Rijeka is the relocation and the modernization of the port facilities as well as construction of new road infrastructure within the Rijeka Gateway Project, which shall reshape Rijeka and provide free approach to the sea.
Transportation routes running through Rijeka are the most vital in the country. The natural position of the City and its Port has brought them the epithet of "European door to the world"
- Road traffic - Primorsko-Goranska County has three main highway directions linking the region to the EU transportation network:
- Rijeka-Zagreb (and further on to Hungary, Czech Republic and to other Central European countries),
- Rijeka-Ljubljana, and
- The Venice-Rijeka-Split corridor, still under construction; after reaching the junction Žuta Lokva, shall connect with the Zagreb-Split-Dubrovnik route and form the main link connecting Central European countries with the Croatian coast; it shall also form the Venice-Triest-Rijeka-Zagreb-Budapest 5th Corridor alternative.
- Maritime transportation
- The Port of Rijeka is the biggest port on the Croatian Adriatic. Over the Adriatic Sea the way is opened to the Mediterranean, and further on through the Gibraltar to the Atlantic Ocean, on the one side, and also to the Levant and through the Suez Canal, all the way down to the Indian Ocean, on the other. The Port of Rijeka has strongly developed the container traffic, handles also important quantities of steel products; the liquid cargoes terminal on the Island of Krk gives an important dimension to Rijeka as a strategic point on international trading routes.
- "Jadrolinija" of Rijeka is the national passenger ships and ferry operator which offers coastal and inter-island services. Rijeka is also the departing point for the coastal shipping line "Lošinjska plovidba" which connects the islands with the Croatian as well as the Italian coast.
- The Croatian railroad system is operated by the Croatian Railways: they link Rijeka with Zagreb and further on to Central Europe along the trunk railroad Rijeka-Karlovac-Zagreb with a connection to Split; the other railroad line connects Rijeka with Ljubljana, Trieste and further westwards to the western part of the EU.
- Air traffic - Rijeka Airport at Omišalj, on the Island of Krk, is equipped for largest aircraft for day and night take-off and landing operations.